The Wartime Memories Project - 100 Squadron RAF

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100 Squadron was first formed in 1917, the first night bomber squadron.

At the outbreak of the Second World War they were based in Singapore where they remained until teh Japanese advanced on the island. Early in the afternoon of January the 26th, ten 100 Squadron Wildebeests took off to attack enemy shipping at Endau. 100 Squadron suffered terribly, losing six of its planes. Later on that day in a last ditch effort, Nine Wildebeest, from 100 and 36 Squadrons, took off to face the enemy, they enountered a number of Japanese Zero aircraft. Badly outmatched, Five Wildebeest failed to return, the survivors all being from 36 Sqd. Thus 100 Squadron were wiped out.

In December 1942 100 Sqdauron reformed at RAF Waltham (Grimsby). The squadron was allocated 16 Lancaster MkIIIs The first operational sortie took place on March the 4th 1943, with a mine laying (gardening) operation to St. Nazaire, loosing its first two aircraft on this raid. ED559 crashed in the target area, and ED549 crashed at Langar Airfield in Nottinghamshire whilst trying to land.

100 Squadron dropped a total of 18,108 tons of bombs in 3,984 individual sorties. The squadron lost 113 Lancasters during the War, costing the lives of 593 young men.

Airfields at which 100 Squadron were based:

  • Seletar, Singapore. 1934 to Jan 1942
  • Grimsby, Lincolnshire. 15 Dec 42 to April 1945
  • Elsham Wolds Lincolnshire. from 01 April 1945

I am trying to find out info on a cousin of mine, John Maxwell Robertson (he may have used his 2nd name of Max) who was killed in action on the 25th April 1944. He was an Australian serving in 100 Squadron RAF as a rear gunner on a Lancaster Bomber and was returning on his last mission when his plane was shot down over Belgium. I have been searching the net for any small bit of info about him, but to no avail. Could someone please help?

Wayne Robertson


Taken from 'Bomber Command Losses 1944 (W.R.Chorley) 100sqdn Lancaster,ND328, HW-N. Took off from Grimsby at 22.16hrs for operations to Karlsruhe, reported to have crashed near St Martens-Voeren, 21km NE of Liege. All the crew were originally buried by the Luftwaffe at St Truiden, after the war they were exhumed and taken to the Heverlee War Cemetery.
  • P/O A.J.T. Armon.
  • Sgt D.B. Cox.
  • F/O R.F. Weedon.
  • Sgt G.R. Boxhall, RCAF.
  • Sgt D. Jones.
  • Sgt L.D. Bowden, RCAF.
  • F/Sgt J.M. Robertson, RAAF.
Your cousin's casualty report file is available on request from the National Archives Australia



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